The first necessity in the heavy oil industry is FINDING heavy oil. We need the skills of the geologist and many other scientists and technicians to understand the structure of the Earth and the nature of oil deposits and then use this understanding to predict where heavy oil is located
Crudey, the Heavy Oil drop says, Welcome! Did you know that you and I are related? Yes, we’re both based on carbon. I’m a hydrocarbon and you’re a carbon based life form. That’s what gave scientists the clue that petroleum actually derives from living plants and animals.
Way back in the Lower Cretaceous Period, like 100 million years ago, there were lush jungles and the seas teemed with plant and animal life. When some of these plants and animals got covered with sand or mud, the process of becoming petroleum had begun. Sometimes this was due to mud slides, or shifting sand dunes, or even volcano blasts or meteors colliding with Earth and throwing up big clouds of dust. The deposits built up, layer upon layer, preventing further decay, and as layers were added on top, the pressure exerted by this overburden increased. ... more from Crudey
See the Geological Column Under Lloydminster (from surface to 3000+ meters)
Examine the Geology Under Lloydminster (Sketch of Oil Bearing Zones)
Review the Diagram of the Geological Ages
For more about how geological time is calculated - click here
Recent advances in Isotope Geochemistry allows for the identification of the source(s) of water in oil or natural gas wells.
Articles regarding the pioneer geologist in the Lloydminster area - Professor Harry Edmunds - click here
Geology at work in the Heavy Oil Patch: see the articles below: